Historic mortars in mediterranean monuments

Cementitious and lime mortars as joint or revetment materials have existed throughout history from the Minoan times to the present. Different uses were introduced as the needs developed. Earliest uses being linings for water reservoirs, plasters for walls on which frescoes were painted to construction materials and masonry structures. These historic mortars...

Πλήρης περίληψη

Αποθηκεύτηκε σε:
Κύριοι συγγραφείς: Μοροπούλου Αντωνία, Biscontin G., Μπακόλας Α., Μιχαηλίδης Π., Μπασιώτης Ι.
Συλλογικό Έργο: International symposium on the conservation of monuments in the Mediterranean, International Group on the Conservation of Monuments in the Mediterranean Basin (I.G.C.M.M.), Community of Mediterranean Univ., ΕΜΠ, European Commission - Directorate General X, Intern. Centr. of Mediterranean Studies, Νομαρχία Δωδεκανήσου, Δήμος Ρόδου, ΤΕΕ - Τμ. Δωδεκανήσου
Κατηγορία Υλικού: Εισήγηση συνεδρίου
Γλώσσα: Αγγλικά
Γλώσσα περίληψης: Αγγλικά
Στοιχεία έκδοσης: ΤΕΕ , 1997
Πηγή:Νέες αντιλήψεις,τεχνολογίες και υλικά για τη συντήρηση και διαχείριση ιστορικών πόλεων και συνόλων (4ο:1997:Ρόδος, Ελλάδα) / / ed. A. Moropoulou, E. Zezza, E. Kollias, I. Papachristodoul . τ.3
Θέματα:
Γεωγραφικό όνομα ως θέμα:
Γενική θεματική ενότητα:ΑΡΧΙΤΕΚΤΟΝΙΚΗ
Διαδίκτυο:Το πλήρες κείμενο
Φυσική περιγραφή:vol.3, pp.213-237 : fig.
Βιβλιογραφία:Biblgr.:pp.228-231
Εκδότης:ΤΕΕ
Περίληψη:Cementitious and lime mortars as joint or revetment materials have existed throughout history from the Minoan times to the present. Different uses were introduced as the needs developed. Earliest uses being linings for water reservoirs, plasters for walls on which frescoes were painted to construction materials and masonry structures. These historic mortars are composites formed by a binder, a variety of inert materials (a mixture of inorganic compounds but not necessarily of crystalline nature, like Pozzolan, crushed brick, etc.) and some additives (sometimes of organic nature) to improve the mechanical strength of the mortar. Until recently, information about the chemical, mineralogical composition of the mortar and its granuiometry were considered to be sufficient to characterize it However, historical samples indicate that mortars characterized by these procedures can correspond to completely different productions technologies as indicated by their texture, fabrication and microstructure. Study of mortars from various periods from Minoan to Byzantine, Venetian and various historic monuments show that the technological variations concern the raw materials used, the technology of lime (burning temperature, slaking time, water proportion etc.), as well as the production technology (mixture ratio and granuiometry of binder to aggregate) and construction technique (width of the joint, outer or inner front, contact and carbonation surface), in order to achieve a certain cohesion and adhesion of the mortar to the building stones. Hence, the production technology becomes the key factor in the development of historic mortars in the Eastern Mediterranean. Despite the local and historic variations due to the variety of raw materials and application purposes, historic mortar technologies demonstrate a continuity in the Mediterranean Basin, inscribing the process of cultural unification among the Mediterranean People in away that it transcends localities and historic periods (AU)
ISBN:960-7018-59-1 (set)
960-7018-62-1 (τ.3)
Κωδικός DEWEY:693.10288 - (Τοιχοποιιες:Κτιρια-Συντηρηση)
720.288 - (Συντήρηση μνημείων:Αρχιτεκτονική)
721.0288 - (Αποκατασταση μνημειων:Αρχιτεκτονικος σχεδιασμος)
DEWEY Γενικού θέματος:720 - (ΑΡΧΙΤΕΚΤΟΝΙΚΗ)